TERANG TUHAN
Terang Tuhan Bersinar Bagimu

Jul
03

Suffering and death of Jesus on the cross we’ve heard, but this is often not very memorable to us because: only reported on the face, and maybe we just heard / read with the brain, not with our hearts never even contemplate. Suffering and death of Christ is a phenomenal, Matthew 27:26 tells of Jesus to be scourged.

It is told so short, so that we may regard it as a minor pain! But the fact is clearly not the case. Can say how great this torture, the image of the Roman scourging was a great torture. The victim was stripped naked, hands tied back, then he was tied to a milestone with his back bent so that opens to the whip.

Roman whip consists of a short wooden handle that was given some leather strap, which ends fitted with pieces of tin or brass and pieces of sharpened bone. Flogging given mainly on the back of the victim, who was stripped naked and bent. Usually two people employed to carry out this punishment, which is a whip from one side, another whipping from the other side, with the result that the meat was sometimes whipped ripped / torn so that the veins and arteries are located on the inside, sometimes entrails and internal organs, into the open. Flogging like that, that should not be committed against a Roman citizen (cf. Acts 16:37), because it often ends in death.

If someone flogged with a whip for granted, then that’s already a pain. Especially if someone whipped with a Roman whip. At the time of the Roman whip on whip it right back that has been stripped, then the sharp objects that existed at the whip stuck in the back and scratched. That is just the first lash.
At the time of the second stroke are given then it could be sharp objects in the lashings were stuck at exactly the parts that have been injured, scratched, cut by the lash of the first one. This course will deepen the wound earlier. So forth until your back is flogged it literally crumbles / become the tapes or even into pulp, and blood vessels and internal organs become open.

Now, can you feel the weight of this torture? The only thing that ‘good’ of torture is that the scourging prior to crucifixion is hastening death on the cross (for the blood that comes out very much)!
Imagine the scourging of Jesus and reflect on this experience! He had this to atone for our sins! Are we still underestimate the sin?
Before Jesus was crucified, He had suffered insult and mockery (Matthew 27:28-31). Some say that the crown of thorns is not meant to punish but only to mock, but there is also assumed that the crown of thorns is meant as an insult / ridicule and also as a torture. Someone said that there grows a plant with thorns in length between 4-6 inches (10-15 cm)! He estimates that this plant is used to make a crown of thorns and then plugged into the head of Jesus!

When Jesus was already there on the cross, He-was still receiving insults and mockery (Matthew 27:39-44). Consider the folly of the scoffers, mockers were in Matthew 27:40,42! They say that they want to believe in Jesus if Jesus came down from the cross! William Booth (founder of the ‘Salvation Army’) to comment on this section by saying: it is precisely because he did not want to get down then we trust Him.

Indeed, if Christ is not impervious to insult, ridicule it, and he fell from the tree, then there is no Savior. Redeemer of sin for us, and there is no point for us to trust Him. All this will cause all of us will go to hell! But, thank God, He is willing to withstand ridicule and insult it for us!
Before the crucifixion, Jesus was required to bear the cross, there are two things to know about the tradition of cross tansporting manually: first, the bear is not around the cross, but only parts of the horizontal, while the vertical part of the ‘wait’ in the place of crucifixion. But even this horizontal section is quite heavy. Second, people who will cross it must take up his cross to the crucifixion, and he was led through route / path as far as possible, in order to be seen by many people as possible, as a warning to those people.

When they reached the place of crucifixion, the cross was put to sleep on the ground. Prisoner was stretched over it, and his hands nailed to the cross. Between the legs of the sentence (in his crotch), protruding piece of wood called a saddle, to hold the weight of the person at the time the cross was enforced otherwise the nails will tear the flesh in his hand.
Then the cross was established and put in place – and the punishment was left to die … Sometimes, the prisoners depend to a week, die slowly of hunger and thirst, suffer to the point where they become insane.

Death on the cross is a slow death due to run out of oxygen. Arms stretched upward making it difficult inmate taking a breather. Whenever he wanted to breathe, he was forced to raise his body slightly by using his legs. By the time his body slightly raised, the muscles in his arm would be a bit weak and this situation will make it easier to breathe. But this movement will cause pain in the legs, because this movement means that he should devote his weight on both heels are nailed to the cross.
Crucifixion cause unimaginable pain, ranging from the process, the feet and hands nailed to the hanging body in the feet and hands nailed. Every breath will make the prisoner feel excruciating pain in nerves hands and feet. In addition, he will feel the pain, because every time breathing, he should rub his back, wounded from the lash on a rough wooden cross.

Sometimes the inmate will live for days even in the half-dead with a sense of choking due to lack of oxygen. That is why Roman soldiers broke the legs are usually condemned to accelerate his death (crurifragium). In the case of the Lord Jesus, His legs are not broken, because his death relatively quickly due to the torture suffered by him that.
Christ’s suffering on the cross lasted for approximately six hours; but every minute and seconds, his body suffers extreme pain. Death on the cross is the death penalty is reserved for the Roman Empire slaves and criminals heavyweight who is not Roman citizens. In other words, the crucifixion is the death penalty is insulted, because it only applied to those deemed most contemptible. God, creator of the universe and its contents, born insulted and humiliated die anyway. All this he did because of one reason only, namely, to atone for my sins and You.

Just before Jesus was crucified, He was given a drink of wine mixed with gall, but the after taste it, he refused to drink it (Matthew 27:34). This rejection reason, namely: at the time, to turn off / reduce the pain, the punishment was given a drink of wine as an act of anesthesia … mercy … but he would not drink it, because He has determined to accept the death of the most bitter and frightening and to not avoid the slightest pain.
Thus, it is clear that Jesus was aware that the moment he is carrying the penalty of our sin. If he’s willing to drink the wine pushers, then the pain will be reduced so that he does not bear the punishment for our sins.
If that happens, then even if we now believe in him, then still there are some sins that we must bear alone! That will inevitably lead to all of us go to hell! But thank God, He refused the drink because he wanted to carry 100% penalty for our sins! Therefore, if we now believe in Jesus, then 100% of our sins are forgiven (both sins past, present, and future) and we may not be punished (cf. Romans 8:1)!

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Jun
30

Penderitaan dan Kematian Yesus

Penderitaan dan kematian Yesus di atas kayu salib sudah sering kita dengar, tetapi seringkali hal ini tidak terlalu berkesan kepada kita karena: hanya diberitakan secara sepintas lalu, dan mungkin hanya kita dengar / baca dengan otak, tidak dengan hati bahkan tidak pernah kita renungkan. Penderitaan dan kematian Kristus suatu yang fenomenal, Matius 27:26 menceritakan tentang Yesus yang akan disesah.

Hal itu diceritakan begitu singkat, sehingga bisa saja kita menganggap itu sebagai penderitaan yang kecil! Tetapi sesungguhnya jelas tidak demikian. Dapat di katakan betapa hebatnya penyiksaan ini, gambaran Pencambukan Romawi adalah suatu penyiksaan yang hebat. Korban ditelanjangi, tangannya diikat kebelakang, lalu ia diikat pada suatu tonggak dengan punggungnya dibungkukkan sehingga terbuka terhadap cambuk.

Cambuk Romawi terdiri dari gagang kayu yang pendek yang diberi beberapa tali kulit, yang ujungnya dilengkapi dengan potongan-potongan timah atau kuningan dan potongan-potongan tulang yang diruncingkan. Pencambukan diberikan terutama pada punggung korban, yang ditelanjangi dan dibungkukkan. Biasanya 2 orang dipekerjakan untuk melaksanakan hukuman ini, yang seorang mencambuki dari satu sisi, yang lain mencambuki dari sisi yang lain, dengan akibat bahwa daging yang dicambuki itu kadang-kadang koyak / sobek sedemikian rupa sehingga pembuluh darah dan arteri yang terletak di dalam, kadang-kadang bahkan isi perut dan organ bagian dalam, menjadi terbuka / terlihat. Pencambukan seperti itu, yang tidak boleh dilakukan terhadap warga negara Romawi (bdk. Kis 16:37), karena sering berakhir dengan kematian.

Kalau seseorang dicambuki dengan cambuk biasa saja, maka itu sudah merupakan suatu penderitaan / penyiksaan yang hebat. Apalagi kalau seseorang dicambuki dengan cambuk Romawi. Pada waktu cambuk Romawi itu dicambukkan ke punggung yang sudah ditelanjangi, maka benda-benda tajam yang ada pada cambuk itu menancap di punggung dan menggoresnya / mengirisnya. Itu baru cambukan pertama.
Pada waktu cambukan kedua diberikan maka bisa saja benda-benda tajam pada cambuk itu menancap persis pada bagian yang sudah terluka / tergores / teriris oleh cambukan pertama tadi. Tentunya ini akan memperdalam luka tadi. Demikian seterusnya sampai punggung yang dicambuki itu secara hurufiah menjadi hancur / menjadi pita-pita atau bahkan menjadi bubur, dan pembuluh darah dan organ tubuh bagian dalam menjadi terbuka / terlihat.

Sekarang, bisakah saudara merasakan beratnya siksaan ini? Satu-satunya hal yang ‘enak’ dari penyiksaan ini adalah bahwa pencambukan sebelum penyaliban ini mempercepat kematian di atas kayu salib (karena darah yang keluar sangat banyak)!
Bayangkan dan renungkan penyesahan yang Yesus alami ini! Ia mengalami hal ini untuk menebus dosa-dosa kita! Masihkah kita meremehkan dosa?
Sebelum Yesus disalibkan, Ia sudah mengalami hinaan dan ejekan (Mat 27:28-31). Ada yang mengatakan bahwa mahkota duri bukan dimaksudkan untuk menyiksa tetapi hanya untuk mengejek, tetapi ada juga yang beranggapan bahwa mahkota duri dimaksudkan sebagai suatu hinaan / ejekan dan sekaligus juga sebagai suatu penyiksaan. Seseorang mengatakan bahwa disana tumbuh suatu tanaman dengan duri yang panjangnya antara 4-6 inci (10-15 cm)! Ia memperkirakan tanaman inilah yang dipakai untuk membuat mahkota duri yang lalu ditancapkan ke kepala Yesus!

Pada saat Yesus sudah ada di kayu salib, Ia-pun tetap masih menerima hinaan dan ejekan (Mat 27:39-44). Perhatikan kebodohan dari pengejek-pengejek itu dalam Mat 27:40,42! Mereka berkata bahwa mereka mau percaya kepada Yesus kalau Yesus turun dari kayu salib! William Booth (pendiri ‘Bala Keselamatan’) mengomentari bagian ini dengan mengatakan : justru karena Ia tidak mau turun maka kita percaya kepada Dia.

Memang, kalau Kristus tidak tahan terhadap hinaan / ejekan itu, dan Ia turun dari kayu salib, maka tidak ada Juruselamat / Penebus dosa bagi kita, dan tidak ada gunanya bagi kita untuk percaya kepada Dia. Semua ini akan menyebabkan kita semua akan masuk neraka! Tetapi, puji Tuhan, Ia mau menahan ejekan dan hinaan itu demi kita!
Sebelum disalibkan, Yesus diharuskan memikul kayu salib, ada 2 hal yang perlu diketahui tentang tradisi pemikulan salib: pertama, yang dipikul bukan seluruh salib, tetapi hanya bagian yang horizontal, sedangkan bagian yang vertikal ‘menunggu’ di tempat penyaliban. Tetapi bagian horizontal inipun cukup berat. Kedua, orang yang akan disalib itu harus memikul salibnya ke tempat penyaliban, dan ia digiring melewati route / jalur yang sejauh mungkin, dengan tujuan supaya bisa dilihat oleh sebanyak mungkin orang, sebagai suatu peringatan bagi orang-orang itu.

Ketika mereka sampai di tempat penyaliban, salib itu ditidurkan di atas tanah. Orang hukuman itu direntangkan di atasnya, dan tangannya dipakukan pada salib itu. Di antara kaki-kaki dari orang hukuman itu (diselangkangannya), menonjol sepotong kayu yang disebut sadel, untuk menahan berat orang itu pada waktu salib itu ditegakkan kalau tidak maka paku-paku itu akan merobek daging di tangannya.
Lalu salib itu ditegakkan dan dimasukkan di tempatnya – dan orang hukuman itu dibiarkan untuk mati … Kadang-kadang, orang-orang hukuman tergantung sampai satu minggu, mati perlahan-lahan karena lapar dan haus, menderita sampai pada titik dimana mereka menjadi gila.

Kematian di kayu salib merupakan kematian secara perlahan-lahan akibat kehabisan oksigen. Lengan yang direntangkan ke atas membuat terhukum sulit mengambil nafas. Setiap kali ia ingin bernafas, ia pun terpaksa mengangkat tubuhnya sedikit dengan menggunakan kakinya. Pada saat tubuhnya sedikit terangkat, otot-otot di lengannya akan menjadi sedikit lemas dan keadaan ini akan memudahkannya menarik nafas. Namun gerakan ini akan menimbulkan rasa sakit di kakinya, karena gerakan ini berarti ia harus menumpukan berat tubuhnya pada kedua tumitnya yang terpaku di salib.
Penyaliban menimbulkan rasa sakit yang tak terbayangkan, mulai dari proses pemakuan kaki dan tangan sampai pada menggantungkan tubuh pada kaki dan tangan yang dipaku. Setiap tarikan nafas akan membuat terhukum merasa sakit luar biasa di urat syaraf tangan dan kakinya. Selain itu, ia pun akan merasakan sakit, karena setiap kali bernafas, ia harus menggesekkan punggungnya yang terluka akibat cambukan pada kayu salib yang kasar.

Adakalanya terhukum akan hidup berhari-hari meski dalam kondisi setengah mati dengan rasa tercekik akibat kekurangan oksigen. Itulah sebabnya serdadu Romawi biasanya mematahkan kedua kaki terhukum guna mempercepat kematiannya (crurifragium). Dalam kasus Tuhan Yesus, kedua kaki-Nya tidak dipatahkan, karena kematian-Nya yang relatif cepat akibat penyiksaan yang dialami-Nya itu.
Penderitaan Kristus di kayu salib berlangsung selama kurang lebih enam jam; namun setiap menit dan detik, tubuh-Nya menderita sakit yang amat sangat. Kematian di kayu salib merupakan hukuman mati kekaisaran Romawi yang diperuntukkan bagi para budak dan kriminal kelas berat yang bukan warga Romawi. Dengan kata lain, penyaliban merupakan hukuman mati yang terhina, sebab hanya diterapkan bagi mereka yang dianggap paling hina. Tuhan, pencipta alam semesta dan isinya, lahir secara terhina dan mati secara terhina pula. Semua ini dilakukan-Nya oleh karena satu alasan saja, yakni untuk menebus dosa saya dan Saudara.

Persis sebelum Yesus disalibkan, Ia diberi minum anggur bercampur empedu, tetapi setelah mengecapnya, Ia menolak minuman itu (Mat 27:34). Alasan penolakan ini, yaitu: pada saat itu, untuk mematikan / mengurangi rasa sakit, orang hukuman itu diberi minuman anggur bius … sebagai tindakan belas kasihan … tetapi Ia tidak mau meminumnya, karena Ia telah bertekad untuk menerima kematian yang paling pahit dan seram dan untuk tidak menghindari sedikitpun rasa sakit.
Jadi, jelas bahwa Yesus sadar bahwa saat itu Ia sedang memikul hukuman dosa kita. Kalau Ia mau meminum anggur bius itu, maka rasa sakitnya akan dikurangi sehingga Ia tidak memikul seluruh hukuman dosa kita.
Kalau itu, terjadi, maka sekalipun kita sekarang percaya kepada Dia, maka tetap ada sebagian dosa yang harus kita tanggung sendiri! Itu pasti akan mengakibatkan semua kita masuk ke neraka! Tetapi puji Tuhan, Ia menolak minuman itu karena Ia mau memikul 100% hukuman dosa kita! Karena itu, kalau sekarang kita percaya kepada Yesus, maka 100% dosa kita diampuni (baik dosa-dosa yang lalu, yang sekarang, maupun yang akan datang) dan kita tidak mungkin akan dihukum (bdk. Ro 8:1)!

Jun
03

An example of the Apostle

Sun life of Paul the apostle of Jesus Christ began to set in the Western sky. “… When death is near,” he said to Timothy (II Timothy 4:6). The period of his life no longer. For most people, it’s time to stop working. Rest while enjoying all the sweat, but for the apostle does not.

Behind the prison bars that separated him mercilessly with the outside world, with the chains that cruelly restrict its movement, in the face of reality left behind by his colleagues even at times when he was in dire need of their presence, as well as in the true loneliness absolutely miserable soul, the old man Paul has not also stop observing the interests of others.
He had not yet started to pay attention to its own interests. His body away from the people whom he loved, but hearts and thoughts are always drawn to them.

As the sun began setting the apostle’s life, the darkness began blanketing churches in the province of Asia, including a collection of believers in Ephesus, where Timothy was ministering. Crisis of faith and crisis as well as exemplary, and the crisis started to hit the journey of life teachings of God’s people in there.

Witnessed the horror and suffering in the name of the Lord’s work experienced by the apostles, frightened to imagine what if the same thing happened to myself, as well as irregular retreat race leaders from the responsibility to be exemplary life of faith to the people they lead, really ready to destroy the vision and mission of Christians in this world.

Not to mention her to infiltrate the new school that opened opportunities for the church to live life with passion hedonist, allow themselves controlled by various evil desires. The doctrine of this kind will produce generations of lovers of themselves, lovers of wealth, lust and lovers rather than lovers of God (II Timothy 3:2-5).

How to repel the darkness that began blanketing the church? There is no other way, “explained the world” must remain present. During this, the Apostle Paul has become a light to a dark world. To Herod Agrippa II, king of some areas in the northeast of Palestine, he tells his calling.

Jesus Christ the risen Lord, sent to the Jews and Gentiles “to open their eyes, that they may turn from darkness to light and from the power of Satan to God …” (Acts 26:18). Call it the beginning of his struggle to preach to the Gentiles “that they should repent and turn to God and do the jobs that match repentance” (Acts 26:20).
Life of the apostle was over. But that does not mean the end of the presence of “Light of the World.” There’s Timothy, the disciple of Christ upbringing the apostles results. In him, the Apostle Paul had invested time, energy, thoughts, even his life. In him, the apostles had doubled himself (cf. II Timothy 3:10: “… you have followed my teaching, my way of life, mind, my faith, my patience, my love and my perseverance.”)

The sun began to set, but God the Creator and Sustainer of the universe have never fallen asleep and stop working. The sun still will rise again. The Apostle Paul was dead, but God who is the Owner and Sovereign of the fields have not stopped working. New workers will be raised Him. Timothy, the disciple, who in the heart and blood vessels flowing soul and spirit of the apostle, also has illuminated this dark world.

We are disciples of Christ, Timothy, are called to be “Light of the World.” Called to preach the promise of life in Christ Jesus and invite people to sinners to repent and turn to God and do the jobs that match repentance, for the sake of God’s chosen people … get salvation in Christ Jesus with eternal glory.

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