The Genre Psalmbook
Genre Psalm is a group of the same verses in the mood, content, structure or wording. Here are 7 kinds of genre Psalms, along with the factors that need to be considered when studying the psalms
1. Praise Psalm:
Easily recognizable by joyful words addressed to God. The psalmist express all his feelings with joy over the goodness of God. Full compliment of joy for the psalmist aware of God’s presence.
(1) The call to worship God.
This call is addressed to the psalmist to yourself or to others who believe in God.
Often used an opening that is the command “Praise the Lord!” Which in Hebrew Hallelujah (113: 1).
There is a variation of the theme of the call to worship the Lord, a simple statement of the psalmist that he was willing to give praise to God (92: 2).
(2) The reason God is laudable.
God be praised not because something abstract, but because he has done something in your personal life or the lives of all His people. It is part of the most important lessons for us, therefore, when investigating this type psalm we have to study it in depth.
This section is usually preceded by a preposition Hebrew ki, which means the cause (92: 2, 5; 96: 1, 5).
Psalms praise can be subdivided by reason of praise delivered. For example, God is praised as the Creator of the universe (Ps 8, 104, 148), Protector and Preserver Israel (Ps 66, 100, 111, 114, 149), Lord of History (Ps 33, 103, 113, 117, 147), or King (Ps 47).
The most important reason the psalmist praise God is because God has saved Israel from their distress; He has redeemed Israel from its enemies (Ps 98 which is a compliment of safety).
(3) A call for further praised the Lord.
2. The Psalm of Complaint (Lamentations):
It is a lament psalmist when he was in the dumps. She has no place to express his heart’s content except to God.
There are three kinds of complaints the psalmist in Psalm complaint, we have to identify when investigating:
a. The psalmist confused by the thoughts and actions (42: 6 and 12, 43: 5).
b. The psalmist complain because of the deeds of the enemy against him (42: 4).
c. The psalmist complains because the act of God that have bedeviled him (42:10).
(1) Prayer (Invocation).
(2) The request for help to the Lord.
The psalmist often start with Invocation held together with a request for help to God.Except God, no one can help him. (12: 2, 17: 1).
Sometimes the request is located separately from the Invocation.
This is an important part because it shows motivation to offer his prayer Psalmist (22: 7-8).
(4) The confession or plea of not guilty.
This section contains the psalmist’s confession relating to misery (69: 6), or vice versa, he stated that he was not guilty of it (26: 5).
(5) The Curse of the enemies (109: 8-9).
(6) Belief in God’s response.
Although in general “mood” complaint is melancholic, but looks psalmist declared surrender or belief in God (54: 6).
(7) praise or thanks.
When the psalmist realize that God can and will act for him, then he praised the Lord (26:12).
Most of the complaints are private complaint in which the Psalmist speaks in the singular personal pronoun “I” (3: 6-8). There is also a national complaints, and the enemy is trying to destroy the nation of Israel (Ps 83).
3. The Psalm of Thanksgiving:
This psalm is a response to complaints answered God. Also there is a close relationship between praise and thanksgiving. This psalm is the praise to God because He has answered prayer.
The structure generally is:
(1) The psalmist declared intention to praise God (34: 2), or start with a blessing (32: 1).
(2) The psalmist testified about the great deeds of God in his life. In fact, he invites the whole church to thank God with him (30: 5).
(3) Repetition complaint has now been answered by God (18: 6-7).
(4) A note about the salvation of the Lord (18:17).
(5) Praise the Lord and call to others to praise him.
4. Psalm Warning (History Rescue): Psalm centered on redemption that God has done in the past. In the psalms of this type, a series of acts of God celebrated back. The contents are substantially miraculous act of God (105: 2).
Acts of God noted that Israel can praise Him (105: 1). And there is also a teaching future generations to act (78: 7).
5. Psalm Delivery (Confidence / Trust):
Dominated by the trust in the Lord. The psalmist expressed his surrender to the goodness and power of God. In this type of psalm, the psalmist declared surrender to God even though there are enemies or other threat (11: 2, 23: 5).
In such conditions the psalmist remain at peace because God is with him (11: 4, 23: 4).
Psalms of this type contain beautiful metaphors that show awareness of God’s presence near the psalmist. God is a refuge (11: 1, 16: 1), shepherd (23: 1), light (27: 1), rock (62: 3) and auxiliary (121: 2).
While investigating these psalms, we must identify the factors that threaten the safety of the psalmist and imageri-imageri psalmist God used to communicate his faith in God when he faces adversity.
6. Psalm Wisdom:
Emphasize a contrast from a variety of ways of life that produce different effects. On the one hand there are the bad guys are cursed by God, on the other hand there are those who truly receive God’s blessing (1: 1, 6).
Most of these types psalm reflecting on the beauty and magic law of the Lord (19: 7).Nothing showed admiration for the world order of God’s creation (19: 1). There is also a mention of the life and faith of skeptics (Ps 73). Even some who like the Song of Songs, which is provocatively give praise to God for the love between a human being so intimate (45: 14-16).
7. Psalm King:
There are two kinds:
(1) that is centered on the king of Israel (Ps 20, 21, 45). Royal aspect of this psalm is not immediately visible, because the king did not call himself “king” but “me”.
(2) that shows God as King.
These two groups are closely related because the king is a reflection of God on earth. The Lord is King (47: 8).
Many of the Psalms of praise to God as the King who gives victory in battle, so this psalm can also be called Songs of Divine Hero (Ps 98).
Because psalm is a Hebrew poem, then such a study, we must pay attention to a characteristic or means in Hebrew poetry as described above. Thus the psalm to be read as a literary unit; treated as one entity, not broken down into single verses or single mind.
In addition, it is necessary to follow the plot and parallelism of a psalm. This all matters because each psalm has a pattern of development which the ideas presented, developed and concluded.