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The Book of Leviticus


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Author: Moses
Theme: Holiness
Date of Writing: 1445 – 1405 BC

Background
Leviticus is closely related to the book of Exodus. Exodus records how Israel was redeemed from Egypt, received the law of God, and to build the Tabernacle according to the pattern of God, Exodus ends with the arrival of the Holy to stay in the Tabernacle, recently established the (Exodus 40:34).
Leviticus contains directives given by God to Moses during the two months between the completion of the construction of the tabernacle (Exodus 40:17) and the departure of Israel from Mount Sinai (Numbers 10:11). The title “Leviticus” taken instead of the Hebrew Bible, but from the Greek translation and Latin.
This title might make people think that the book of Leviticus only discuss the Levitical priests; however, is not the case for most of the book is concerned with the entire nation of Israel.

Leviticus is the third book of Moses. More than fifty times mentioned that the contents of this book is a revelation of God’s word and the right to Moses for Israel, which was then deposited by Moses in written form. Jesus was referring to a passage in the book of Leviticus and connect by Moses (Mark 1:44). The Apostle Paul refers to a passage in This book by saying, “For Moses writes …” (Rom 10:5). Critics who say that this book was written by a priest composer who lived much later by rejecting integrity of the biblical witness.

Destination
Leviticus was written to teach the people of Israel and the priests their intermediaries about how to approach God through the atoning blood and to explain the holy living standards for the people of God set His choice.

Survey
Leviticus mainly includes two important themes: mercy and holiness.
1. Section 1-16 (Lev 1:1 – 16: 34) contains provisions for the redemption of God of sin and of the alienation between God and man caused by sin. Various variations of the verb “reconcile” (Heb. _kaphar_) used about 48 times in Leviticus; noun, “Atonement,” is used 3 times. Its basic meaning is “to cover or makes the cover. “OT blood sacrifices (chapters 1-7; Lev 1:1 – 7:38) Blood is a temporary cover sin (cf. Heb 10:4) until the time when Jesus Christ died as the perfect sacrifice for remove the sins of the world (cf. Jn 1:29, Rom 3:25, Hebrews 10:11-12).
Levitical priests (Article 8-10; Lev 8:1 – 10: 20) represents the service Christ as mediator, while the annual Day of Atonement (Article 16; Lev 16:1-34) symbolizes the crucifixion.

2. Article 17-27 (Lev 17:1 – 27: 34) presents a set of practical standards which God calls His people to a life of purity and
holy. Commandments are repeated, “Be holy, for I am the LORD, your God, am holy “(eg, Lev 19:2; Lev 20:7,26). Hebrew words for “holy” is used more than 100 times, and when applied to humans indicates that the pure and devout life. Holiness revealed in the ceremony (chapter 17; Lev 17:1-16) and worship (chapters 23-25; Lev 23:1 – 25: 55), but particularly in the problems of everyday life (Chapters 18-22; Lev 18:1 – 22: 33). Leviticus concludes with an exhortation of Moses (chapter 26; Lev 26:1-46) and briefed on some special vow (Article 27; Lev 27:1-34).

Typical characteristics
Four main characteristics marking the Priesthood.

1. As a direct revelation of God’s word that is emphasized in comparison with other books of Leviticus in the Bible. Not less
of 38 times it is said emphatically that God spoke to Moses.

2. Briefing about the sacrifice and atonement through system replacement given in detail in this book.

3. Article 16 (Lev 16:1-34) is the most important chapter of the Bible explaining the Day of Atonement.

4. Leviticus emphasizes the theme that Israel must fulfill the call their priestly sacred spiritual way of life spiritually and morally, apart from other nations and obedient to God.

Fulfillment in the New Testament
Because of its dual emphasis on blood atonement and holiness, this book still nothing to do with believers under the new covenant. The New Testament teaches that the atoning blood of the sacrificed animals, it prominent in Leviticus, a “shadow only of safety will come “(Heb 10:1) and refers to Christ as a sacrifice dedicated sin once and for all (Heb 9:12).

Command for holiness can be achieved entirely through precious blood of Christ in the person of a new covenant believers, who
called for holy in all areas of life (1 Peter 1:15). Law The second largest as stated by Jesus is taken from Lev 19:18, “Love your neighbor as yourself” (Matt. 22:39).

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