The Book of Exodus
Exodus continues the story that was started in Genesis. The title of this book
_exodos_ taken from the Greek word (the title used in the Septuagint, which is
Old Testament in Greek) which means “output” or “departure.” Word
This refers to the liberation of the people of Israel in an extraordinary way of
bondage in Egypt by God and their departure from the country
as the people of God.
Two issues regarding the background of the book of Exodus has raises
major contradictions: on the Israelites out of Egypt and writer
1. The experts have proposed two of Israel’s release date.
(A) “early date” (also called the biblical date) taken from
1 Kings 6:1 which states that the event occurred 480
years before the “fourth year of Solomon’s reign over
Israel “; meaning of these events occurred around 1445 BC. Also in
Rights of 11:26, Jephthah (+ 1100 BC) states that the Israelites
have occupied their land for 300 years, which would
placed at the conquest of approximately 1400 BC. Chronology
output events, the conquest of the land of Canaan, and the period of the
The judge fit with the history of Israel recorded during
administration of the first three kings (Saul, David, and Solomon).
(B) “Date of the latter” the output (+ 1290 B.C.),
proposed by liberal biblical researchers, based
certain assumptions about the kings of Egypt and
archaeological dating of the destruction of the cities in Canaan
throughout the period of conquest in the 13th century.
2. There is also disagreement among Bible scholars
conservatives and liberals about the authorship of Moses.
(A) The modern interpreters often view this book as a result
the work of several people, who settled in a long time
once after the time of Moses (called theory JdeP).
(B) However, Jewish tradition since the days of Joshua (Joshua 8:31-35),
plus the testimony of Jesus (cf. Mr 12:26), Christianity
initially, and the results of the present study conservative, all
This book connects the origin with Moses
Moreover, the evidence in the book itself supports authorship
Moses. A lot of the happenings in the book of Exodus shows that
the author was an eyewitness events
recorded (eg, Exodus 2:12; Exodus 9:31-32; Exodus 15:27); also, the parts
This particular book itself proves that Moses was involved
directly in writing (eg Exodus 17:14; Exodus 24:4; Ex. 34:27).
Output is written to provide a report on the activities of the Lord
The historic and redemptive that Israel was released from Egypt,
designated as His chosen people, and given a written statement
about His covenant with them. The book is also written as an eye
chains are very important in the overall self-revelation of God
phased culminating in Jesus Christ and
in the NT.
Exodus begins with Jacob suffering caused by oppression,
slavery, and infanticide in Egypt, the book ends with
presence, power, and the glory of God to be revealed (ie, silent) on
the midst of his people who were released in the middle of the desert. Book
Output is divided into three parts.
1. Section 1-14 (Exodus 1:1 – 14: 31) tells _Israel in Mesir_ suffer
oppression under the king who did not know Joseph and God
redeem Israel “with an outstretched hand and with the penalties
heavy “(Exodus 6:5). Includes historical events in
this section are:
(A) the birth of Moses, protection and preparation
(Article 2; Exodus 2:1-25);
(B) the call of Moses in the burning bush (chapters 3-4; Exodus 3:1 – 4: 31);
(C) the ten plagues (chapters 7-12; Exodus 7:1 – 12: 51);
(D) Passover (article 12; Exodus 12:1-51), and
(E) crossing of the Red Sea (chapters 13-14; Exodus 13:1 – 14: 31).
Exodus of Israel from Egypt along the Old Testament viewed as
experience the biggest redemption in the old covenant.
2. Article 16-18 (Ex. 16:1 – 18: 27) describes the field _Israel gurun_
heading to Mount Sinai. God led His people are redeemed by
pillar of cloud and the pillar of fire and providing manna and quail and
water, while training them to walk by faith and obedience.
3. Article 19-40 (Ex. 19:1 – 40: 38) notes in Mount Sinai_ _Israel
received a revelation which includes
(A) the agreement (Article 19; Exodus 19:1-25),
(B) Ten Commandments (chapter 20; Exodus 20:1-17), and
(C) the tabernacle and the priesthood (chapters 25-31; Exodus 25:1 – 31: 18). Book
This ended with the completion of the tabernacle and the glory of God
which fulfill (article 40; Exodus 40:1-38).
Exodus marks the five main characteristics.
1. This book records the history of the state of Israel’s birth as a nation.
2. In the Ten Commandments (chapter 20; Exodus 20:1-17), this book contains
summary of the moral law and the demands of the truth of God for His people, and
thus providing a basis for ethics and principles
biblical morals subsequent revelation.
3. Is the most important Old Testament in describing the nature of grace
and the redemptive power of God in action. In terms of Old Testament, Exodus
describe the nature of the supernatural deliverance of God’s people from harm and
bondage of sin, Satan, and the world.
4. The whole book is full of great revelation about God
(A) noble in his nature (true, generous, faithful, holy, and
(B) the Lord of history and the mighty kings;
(C) Redeemer covenant with the redeemed people;
(D) fair and true as revealed in the moral law and
His judgment, and
(E) to be worshiped with sincerity as the supreme God
down to “dwell” with his people.
5. Exodus emphasizes how, what, and why true worship
should be followed as a result of the redemption of God’s people.
Fulfillment in the New Testament
Throughout there is the shadow of the Exodus redemption offered
in the new covenant. The first Passover, crossing the Red Sea, and
giving of the Law at Mount Sinai is important for OT as
death, resurrection of Jesus, and the Holy Ghost at Pentecost
is important for the NT. Symbols in Exodus that describes
Christ and redemption in the New Testament are:
(3) crossing the Red Sea,
(4) the manna,
(5) rock and water,
(6) the tabernacle, and
(7) the high priest.
Demands absolute moral of the Ten Commandments repeated in the New Testament
as the demand for new covenant believers.