Special name El or Jehovah
In Beersheba Abraham planted a tree there tamariksa and calling the name of the Lord (Yahweh), el’olam (Genesis 21:33 “And Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba, and called there the name of the LORD, the God of the eternal”). Here the Lord (Yahweh) is His name and that name is mentioned later explanation, namely: ‘God is eternal’. The original form of this name, namely: ‘El dhu-‘Olami, which means God’s eternity.
When he arrived at Shechem Jacob bought a parcel of land and there he built an altar to the Lord and named it el-elohe Yisra’el (Genesis 33:20 “He built an altar there and named it:” God of Israel was God. “Which means God (el ) is God (‘elohim) of Israel, in this way he commemorates the meeting he had just had with the angel at the place he named Peniel (Peni’el which means’ face of God’ Genesis 32:30 “Jacob named the place Peniel, because he said: “I have seen God face to face, but it helped my life!”). So he accepts Israel as its name and devout worship of God.
In Genesis 22 when the angel of the Lord shows a ram for a burnt offering instead of Isaac, Abraham named that place ‘Yahweh yir’eh’ which means God provides, Genesis 22:8-14: “And Abraham said, My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering: so they went both of them together. And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood. And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son.
And the angel of the LORD called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said, Here am I. And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me.
And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son. And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen.
In somewhat the same way after defeating the people Amalekh, Moses built an altar and called it Yahweh-Nissi, which means “God is my banner”. But this is not the names of God, but rather as a warning against such events.
This is the name given by Gideon to the altar that he built in Ophrah, Judges 6:22-24 ” And when Gideon perceived that he was an angel of the LORD, Gideon said, Alas, O LORD God! for because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face. And the LORD said unto him, Peace be unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die. Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it is yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.
This is the name by which the Messiah would be known. Yahweh-tsidqenu means “the Lord our Righteousness” Jeremiah 23:5-6 “Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
This name was given to the city in the vision of Ezekiel, Yahweh-syamma which means: “God is present” Ezekiel 48:29-35 “This is the land which ye shall divide by lot unto the tribes of Israel for inheritance, and these are their portions, saith the Lord GOD. And these are the goings out of the city on the north side, four thousand and five hundred measures. And the gates of the city shall be after the names of the tribes of Israel: three gates northward; one gate of Reuben, one gate of Judah, one gate of Levi.
And at the east side four thousand and five hundred: and three gates; and one gate of Joseph, one gate of Benjamin, one gate of Dan. And at the south side four thousand and five hundred measures: and three gates; one gate of Simeon, one gate of Issachar, one gate of Zebulun. At the west side four thousand and five hundred, with their three gates; one gate of Gad, one gate of Asher, one gate of Naphtali. It was round about eighteen thousand measures: and the name of the city from that day shall be, The LORD is there.