The poor helpless consists of people who are oppressed politically and socially, in the squalor of the Old Testament is not a natural phenomenon, which arises simply, without any cause.
Although sometimes the cause is personal sin or disobedience and punishment from God above, but also poverty is usually caused by the sins of others. This meansthat due to situations of social injustice, which easily led to imbalance and distortion control every aspect, because the little people are not in a position to change it.
Exodus 23:6-8 “Thou shalt not violate the rights of the poor in the amongst the case, you must keep yourself from the case lies. Innocent people and people who really should not kill you, because I’m not going to justify the guilty, bribes should not acceptable to you, for a bribe to make blind the eyes of those who saw and turning those things right “.
In Psalms 82 the judge asked “Give justice to the weak and the orphan” and “seek judgment, relieve suffering and rights of the needy” in Proverbs 31 mother of King Lemuel driven ‘open’ mouth for the dumb people, for the rights of all people who miserably to open his mouth and make decisions fairly and give to the oppressed and the poor of their rights.
We also know that the prophets and even harder to give them a warning. They not only urge the people and its leaders to pursue justice, to control violent people, defend the rights of orphaned children, fight for the case of widows, the prophet Elijah rebuked King Ahab for the murder of Naboth and steal his vineyard (1 Kings 21). The Prophet Amos hard chided Israel for its rulers – change money bribes – they trample the head of the helpless, destroying those who suffer, not give justice to those who are oppressed.
The prophet Jeremiah denounced Jehoiakim king as telling people forced labor to build his palace. Many other examples could be given as the Apostle James in the new agreement, with the same piercing tone, attacking the rich. Which became the target of their wealth is not condemned, not even those who are wallowing in luxury, but they are deceptive behavior by withholding the wages of workers who are working, an innocent and helpless against them.
Contrary to the tradition of dark curses of the prophets against unfair treatment, then their predictions about the fair administration rose more luminous Messiah: “He shall judge the people weak with justice, and will drop the decision of the people who oppressed the country with honesty”
(Isaiah 11:1-5). ‘And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots: And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD; And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears: But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth: with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked. And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins’.
This fact clearly shows that the biblical writers thought of the poor not only as a miserable person, who must be removed from the situation but also as victims of social injustice that the case should be defended to the death.